What is a Concussion?

A concussion is a brain injury that is caused by a blow to the head from either an object or another athlete/person.  These can range from mild to severe, you do NOT need to lose consciousness for it to be a concussion.

This injury can affect the way the brain normally works and impact other areas of life.  Concussions typically have a combination of the following symptoms:
  • Headache
  • Amnesia
  • Confusion
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Balance problems or dizziness
  • Double or fuzzy vision
  • Sensitivity to light or noise
  • Nausea
  • Sluggishness, fogginess, grogginess
  • Irritability
  • Concentration or memory problems
    • Can manifest in class
  • Delayed reaction time

These symptoms can last anywhere from a few minutes to weeks after an injury depending on the severity.  If activity is resumed too soon following injury, these symptoms may reappear and delay improvements.

Following a concussion, or suspected concussion, it is important to recover from the injury completely before resuming normal activities such as school, work, or activity.  Since a concussion can affect everyday activities, balance, sleep, and cognitive function, it is imperative to be examined by a health care professional such as a physician or athletic trainer before you return to activity.

For more information, please refer to the links below.

Vanderbilt Sports Concussion Center

NATA Position Statement